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Home Naturopathic Clinic A – Z Herb Guide

A – Z Herb Guide

Find out more about the different herbs used in Ovvio’s Teas

ADHATODA

Adhatoda vasica

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used for respiratory illnesses such as asthma, bronchitis –acute and chronic, emphysema and postpartum hemorrhage.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy.

Albizia

Albizia lebbek

Part Used: Leaf, stem, bark
Traditionally used for allergies including asthma, rhinitis, hives and eczema.
Cautions:Best combined with an immune tonic herb.

Andrographis

Andrographis paniculata

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used for acute infections such as viral, bacterial and parasitic infections.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and in hyperacidity of the digestive system and duodenal ulcers.

ANGELICA ROOT

Angelica archangelica

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used for digestive weakness, flatulence and dyspepsia.
Cautions:Caution in peptic ulcers and gastro-oesophageal reflux.

Aniseed

Pimpinella anisum

Part Used: Ripe dried fruit
Traditionally used for coughs, bronchitis and respiratory catarrh. It is also indicated as an anti-parasitic and carminative, therefore useful in mild spasmodic gastrointestinal complaints.
Cautions:369

Aniseed Myrtle

Syzygium anisatum

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used as a carminative for bloating, wind, pain and colic, an expectorant for chesty coughs and infections and an anti microbial (anti bacterial, antiseptic and anti fungal). It also helps alleviate menstrual cramps.
Cautions:

Astragalus

Astragalus membranaceus

Part Used: Root
Traditionally for autoimmune diseases, immune deficiency, chronic infection, gastrointestinal ulcers, chronic bacterial/viral infections, cancer, hypertension, and menopausal night sweats or palpitations.
Cautions:Not to be used for acute infections and avoid during pregnancy or lactation unless advised by your health care practitioner.

BACOPA

Bacopa monnieri

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used to improve cognition, concentration, mental performance and anxiety. It also indicated in conditions such as ADHD and Alzheimer’s disease for cognitive function.
Cautions:Avoid in persons with celiac disease, fat malabsorption, pre-existing cholestasis, deficiencies in vitamins A, D, E, and K, or upper digestive tract irritations.

Bilberry

Vaccinium myrtillus

Part Used: Fruit
Traditionally used for it's antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and vasoprotective properties. Used in capillary fragility, retinal damage, and night blindness. Externally is usefully for mild inflammation of the mouth and throat.
Cautions:Do not use with anti-coagulants, for example warfarin. Use with caution whilst taking antiplatelet medication including aspirin.

Black Ceylon orange pekoe tea leaf

Camellia sinensis

Part Used: Leaf
Antioxidant, improve mental performance. Read more about the health benefits of tea.
Cautions:416

Black Cohosh

Cimicifuga racemosa

Part Used: Dried rhizome and root
Traditionally used for menopausal symptoms, mood disturbances and migraines. Also indicated in arthritis, bronchitis, tinnitus, neuralgia, hypertension, and ovarian disorders.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation. Not to be used in children under the age of 12.

Black Horehound

Ballotta nigra

Part Used: Flowering tops and leaf
Traditionally used as a sedative, which is also anti-emetic (prevents/reduces nausea and vomiting) and relieves spasms. Indicated in nervous dyspepsia, nausea and vomiting in pregnancy.
Cautions:None known.

Blackwalnut

Juglans nigra

Part Used: Hull
Traditionally used for intestinal worms and often included as part of a cleansing program for its digestive bitter and depurative properties.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation.

Bladderwrack

Fucus vesiculosus

Part Used: Seaweed
Traditionally used for thyroid dysfunction, rheumatoid arthritis and to assist weight loss.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation. Not recommended for patients with hyperthyroidism, cardiac problems associated with hyperthyroidism, or a known sensitivity to iodine.

Blue Cohosh

Caulophyllum thalictroides

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used as a uterine tonic for dysmenorrhea/amenorrhoea, false labor pains, and rheumatic pain.
Cautions:Used in caution in patients with coeliac disease, fat malabsorption, pre-existing cholestasis, deficiencies in vitamin A,D, E and K, upper digestive tract irritation, and topically on open wounds. Avoid during pregnancy, lactation, and women trying to conceive.

Blue cornflower

Centaurea cyanus

Part Used: Flower
Traditionally used as anti-inflammatory, astringent and watery conditions of the eye.
Cautions:None known.

Burdock

Arctium lappa

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used to treat chronic skin disorders such as eczema, psoriasis, urticaria, acne and boils. Burdock also increases circulation to the skin helping to detoxify the epidermal tissues as well as depurative actions, producing a diuretic affect on the body, aiding in the filtration of impurities from the bloodstream.
Cautions:Avoid in patients with sensitivity to the Asteracea family.

BURR MARIGOLD

Bidens tripartita

Part Used: Herb
Traditionally used for conditions such as acne, allergic rhinitis, asthma, common colds and influenza with inflamed mucous membranes.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation, and with known allergies to the Asteraceae/Compositae family.

Cacao

Theobroma cacao

Part Used: Nibs
Traditionally used for it's high nutrient content, such as antioxidants and magnesium. Read more about raw Cacao.
Cautions:242

Calendula/Marigold

Calendula officinalis

Part Used: Flowers
Traditionally used topically as a local tissue healer with anti-inflammatory, astringent, and wound healing properties. Internally used to increase the production and flow of bile, and to support the lymphatic system. Also indicated for eye infections, skin inflammation, mouth ulcers, GIT inflammation, menstrual spasms, swollen glands, varicose veins and haemorrhoids.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation in a herbal tonic form, safe to consume as a tea. Avoid if know sensitivity to Compositae family.

Cardamom

Ellettaria cardamomum

Part Used: Pod
Traditionally used as a carminative, antispasmodic, antiseptic, digestive, and an expectorant. Used to treat sore throats, irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, loss of appetite, common cold, and bronchitis.
Cautions:Quantities in food are safe for pregnancy and breastfeeding. However larger doses should be taken with caution. Also in people with gallstone, larger doses should be avoided.

CASCARA

Rhamnus purshiana

Part Used: Bark
Traditionally used for its laxative properties in conditions such as constipation, haemorrhoids or anal fissure where stool softening is required.
Cautions:For short term use only. Avoid during pregnancy and lactation, IBS, and gastrointestinal inflammation.

Cat’s Claw

Uncaria Tomentosa

Part Used: Stem bark
Traditionally used for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties in conditions such as arthritis, auto-immune disorders, asthma, rhinitis, debility and convalescence.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation, whilst trying to conceive, and in young children.

Cayenne/ Chilli/ Pepper/Paprika

Capsicum SPP

Part Used: Flower, fruit and leaf
Enjoyed as a culinary delight, traditionally for it’s systemic uses and sensory stimulation. Cayenne stimulates the circulatory system, metabolism and gastric juices, promotes sweat during fevers and acts as a vasostimulant. Topically used in arthritis, myalgia, or as a gargle for laryngitis.
Cautions:Avoid contact with the eyes. May cause irritation of mucus membranes. Do not apply to injured skin.

Celery seed

Apium graveolens

Part Used: Seed
Traditionally used as an anti- inflammatory to the musculoskeletal and urinary system, anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, diuretic and a sedative. Used for conditions such as oedema, gout, indigestion, urinary tract infections and rheumatoid arthritis.
Cautions:Avoid high doses in pregnancy. Do not use in kidney disease.

Chamomile

Chamomilla recutita

Part Used: Flower
Traditionally used as a soothing, sedative and calming herb, as well as a bitter tonic for conditions like indigestion, colic, abdominal pain, nausea, and decreased bile flow. Also used as an anti-spasmodic for the muscles, and an anti-allergic, and anti-microbial for upper respiratory tract conditions and allergies.
Cautions:Do not take if there is known allergy to the Compositae family.

Chaste tree

Vitex agnus-castus

Part Used: Fruit
Traditionally used for female reproductive disorders such as menstrual irregularities, painful ovulation, PMS, hormonal acne, and poor lactation.
Cautions:Recommended in women over 20 years of age as their HPO axis is easily disrupted. Not recommended during pregnancy, or whilst taking any progesterone medication such as the OCP or HRT. Not to be taken if there are estrogen or progesterone tumors.

Chicory

Cichorium intybus

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used for its abundance of inulin, which feeds digestive flora in the intestines. Also used to reduce free radical damage and chronic illness whilst simultaneously supporting the digestive system.
Cautions:None known.

Cinnamon

Cinnamomum verum

Part Used: Inner bark
Traditionally used for its anti-microbial, carminative and anti-diarrheal actions. Also specifically indicated for blood sugar regulation in diabetes and conditions such as nausea, diarrhoea and loss of appetite.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy in a herbal tonic form, safe to consume with food and in tea. Also avoid with fever of unknown origin and stomach or duodenal ulcers.

Cinnamon Myrtle

Backhousia myrtifolia

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used to treat dyspepsia, heartburn, colic and other digestive complaints.
Cautions:

CLIVERS

Galium aparine

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used for chronic skin disorders such as dermatitis, acne, psoriasis and rosacea through its lymphatic, depurative and diuretic actions.
Cautions:None known.

Clove

Syzgium aromaticum

Part Used: Bud
Used as a culinary spice, traditionally for its carminative and anthelmintic actions. When eaten, the essential oil in clove works as an analgesic for gum/tooth pain.
Cautions:Repeated topical application to the gums or mouth may cause irritation.

Coleus

Coleus forskohlii

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used in hypertension, bronchial disorders, anorexia, reduced thyroid function, and to assist weight loss.
Cautions:Not to be taken if the patient has hypotension, or gastric ulcers.

Corn silk

Zea mays

Part Used: Styles and stigma harvested before fertilization
Traditionally used as a urinary system herb as a diuretic - increases flow of urine and a demulcent - soothing to the urinary tract. Common uses are cystitis, nocturnal enuresis, urinary tract infections, and prostatitis.
Cautions:None known.

Cramp Bark

Viburnum opulus

Part Used: Bark
Traditionally used as an anti-spasmodic, sedative, and astringent herb. Indicated in conditions involving muscular spasmodic cramps, ovarian and uterine pains, uterine dysfunction, abnormal bleeding during menopause, threatened miscarriage, and infantile enuresis (uncontrolled urination).
Cautions:None known.

Damiana

Turnera diffusa

Part Used: Leaf and stem
Traditionally used as a male tonic, nervine, and anti-depressant. Used in anxiety, depression, nervous dyspepsia (indigestion), and constipation.
Cautions:Not to be given to people with an overactive sympathetic nervous system.

Dandelion leaf

Taraxacum officinale folia

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used for improving gallbladder, and digestion function, as well as use as a mild diuretic. Indicated for gallbladder disorders, oedema.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy in a herbal tonic form, safe to consume as a tea.

Dandelion root

Taraxacum officinale radix

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used to stimulate digestion, gallbladder function and the release of bile, acts as a laxative and anti-rheumatic. Indicated for gallbladder disorders, jaundice, constipation, and to aid in the detoxification process.
Cautions:If gallstones are present only use with professional supervision.

Devils claw

Harpagophytum procumbens

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used for pain relief from musculoskeletal disorders including arthritis and gout. Also a bitter tonic, anti-inflammatory, and hypotensive (reduces blood pressure). Indicated for anxiety, loss of appetite, and migraine.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation in a herbal tonic form, safe to consume as tea. Also avoid in patients with duodenal ulcers.

Dill Seed

Anethum graveolens

Part Used: Seed
Traditionally used as carminative and for digestive benefits. Used for infantile colic, indigestion and gastritis.
Cautions:Food quantities during pregnancy are allowed, if taking larger quantities please consult a professional.

Dong Quai

Angelica polymorpha / Angelica sinensis

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used as an anti-inflammatory, circulatory stimulant, hepatoprotective, immunomodulator, and uterine tonic. Used for menstrual irregularities, endometriosis, infertility, liver disease and constipation.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy.

Echinacea

Echinacaea angustifolia/purpurea

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used for all infections: viral, bacterial, fungal or parasitic.
Cautions:None known.

Elderflower & Elderberry

Sambucus nigra

Part Used: Flower and berry
Traditionally used for conditions such as sinusitis, coughs, colds, influenza, fever and catarrhal deafness.
Cautions:399

Elecampane

Inula helenium

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used to help suppresses cough reflexes, and promotes sweating during a fever. Indicated for bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, cough, emphysema, and whooping cough.
Cautions:Avoid during lactation.

EPILOBIUM

Epilobium parviflorum

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used as an antiprostatic particularly indicated for benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Cautions:Avoid taking in conjunction with mineral supplements

Eyebright

Euphrasia officinalis

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used for upper respiratory catarrh, conjunctivitis and sinusitis. Eyebright can be used topically as an eye bath/lotion for the treatment of conjunctivitis.
Cautions:400

False Unicorn root

Chamaelirium luteum

Part Used: Rhizome and root
Traditionally used for menstrual irregularities, endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome, leucorrhoea and amenorrhea.
Cautions:Use with caution if patient has celiac disease, cholestasis or deficiencies in Vit A, D, E, or K, or upper digestive tract irritations.

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

Part Used: Fruit
Traditionally used for anorexia, intestinal colic, flatulent dyspepsia, pharyngitis, and poor lactation. Fennel is a safe and effective herb for children’s colic or flatulence.
Cautions:The essential oil is not to be used during pregnancy or lactation.

Fenugreek

Trigonella faenum graecum

Part Used: Seed
Traditionally used for gastritis and to encourage milk flow during lactation.
Cautions:In gastro-oesophageal reflux in a herbal tonic form, safe to consume in food and tea.

Fever Few

Tanacetum parthenium

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used for the prevention of migraines, arthritis, endometriosis, and allergies.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation.

Fringe Tree

Chionanthus virginicus

Part Used: Dried root bark
Traditionally used as a liver tonic that also stimulates gallbladder contraction to promote bile flow. Fringe tree is a Indicated for use in liver disease, inflammation of the gallbladder, inflammation of the duodenum, enlarged spleen and high blood pressure in the portal vein system.
Cautions:None known.

Garlic

Allium sativum

Part Used: Bulb
Traditionally used for conditions such as hyperlipidaemia (high circulating fat levels), chronic bronchitis or respiratory infections, influenza, and to support vascular health.
Cautions:May cause gastric irritation, and body odor. Prolonged high doses of garlic should not be taken during pregnancy in a herbal tonic form, safe to consume in foods.

Gentian

Gentiana lutea

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used to stimulate saliva production, improve digestion and promote bile production. Used for anorexia, indigestion, loss of appetite, halitosis, and nausea.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy or lactation and in young children. Do not take if there is a gastric or duodenal ulcer, hyperacidity or high blood pressure.

Ginger

Zingiber officinale

Part Used: Rhizome
Traditionally used for nausea and vomiting associated with travel sickness. Ginger is indicated for intestinal colic, nausea, motion sickness, fever, arthritis, endometriosis and migraine headaches.
Cautions:Maximum does whilst pregnant 2000mg/day. Patients with peptic ulcers need professional advice before commencing. Not recommended for children under 6 years of age.

Ginkgo

Ginkgo biloba

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used as an antioxidant, circulatory stimulant, cognition enhancer and venotonic. Ginkgo is used for Alzeimer’s disease, dementia, poor memory and circulation, tinnitus, vertigo and recovery after stroke.
Cautions:Do not take whilst on warfarin. Use with caution with antiplatelet medication.

Globe Artichoke

Cynara scolymus

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used a bitter digestive tonic, which is often used in detox/cleansing, as it is a protective, and restorative liver tonic. Globe artichoke is also a cholagogue, choleretic and diuretic herb that is indicated for use in allergies and sensitivities, digestive weakness, gallstones, gallbladder disorders, hypercholesterolaemia.
Cautions:Not to be taken if there is a bile duct obstruction. Do not take if known sensitivity to Asteraceae family.

Goldenrod

Solidago virgaurea

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used for it ability to sooth the mucus membranes of the upper respiratory and urinary systems. Indicated in influenza, sinusitis, cystitis, renal inflammation and gravel.
Cautions:Do not take if known allergy to Asteraceae family. Caution if taking in pregnancy.

Goldenseal

Hydrastis canadensis

Part Used: Rhizome, root
Traditionally used as a bitter and digestive herb with antimicrobial and mucus membrane tonic properties.
Cautions:Not to be taken during pregnancy and lactation, kidney disease, and hypertension

Gotu Kola

Centella asiatica

Part Used: Dried whole plant
Traditionally used both internally and topically for its wound healing, connective tissue regenerating and antifibrotic properties.
Cautions:Use with caution if patient has celiac disease, cholestasis or deficiencies in Vit A, D, E, or K, or upper digestive tract irritations.

Grapeseed

Vitis vinifera

Part Used: Seeds, and skins of fruit
Traditionally used as a rich antioxidant and is indicated in poor circulation, injuries, oedema, allergies and sensitivities.
Cautions:None known.

Green tea leaf

Camellia sinensis

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used as an antioxidant and to improve mental performance. Read more about the health benefits of tea here and here.
Cautions:403

GYMNEMA

Gymnema sylvestre

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used in conditions such as diabetes, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and to assist with both sugar cravings and weight loss through blood sugar regulation.
Cautions:May aggravate gastro-oesophageal reflux.

HAWTHORN

Crataegus monogyna

Part Used: Leaves with flower, berries or both
Traditionally used as a cardioprotective for mild congestive cardiac failure, heart attack prevention, hypertension and impaired peripheral circulation.
Cautions:None known.

Hibiscus

Hibiscus sabdariffa

Part Used: Flower
Traditionally used to help regulate blood pressure, improve heart health, circulation, urinary heath, fluid retention and stomach pains.
Cautions:None known.

Hops

Humulus lupulus

Part Used: Strobilus
Traditionally used as a bitter tonic that aids in digestion. Hops is indicated for use in nervous dyspepsia, anxiety, restlessness, excitability, insomnia, menopausal symptoms and neuralgia.
Cautions:Avoid if using other sedative medication. Not to be taken in patients with estrogen dependent cancers.

Horopito

Pseudowintera colorata

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used for it’s anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, circulatory stimulant, antiseptic, astringent and insecticide actions.
Cautions:Consult a professional if pregnant or breastfeeding.

HORSECHESTNUT

Aesculus hippocastanum

Part Used: Seed
Traditionally indicated for conditions such as deep vein thrombosis, lymphedema, venous insufficiency and varicose veins due to its venotonic, antioedema and anti-inflammatory properties.
Cautions:May aggravate gastro-oesophageal reflux, and should not be applied topically to broken skin.

Jasmine

Jasminum officinale

Part Used: Flower
Traditionally used In Chinese medicine to lift the spirit, calm inner frustrations and help with damp heat. Acts as an aphrodisiac.
Cautions:406

Juniper

Juniperus communis

Part Used: Berry
Traditionally used for cystitis, flatulent colic and rheumatism through its anti rheumatic, antiseptic, carminative, diuretic and stomach soothing properties.
Cautions:407

Kawakawa

Macropiper excelsum

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used for indigestion, as an appetite stimulant and for colds and flu. May also be used topically for cuts and boils.
Cautions:Consult a professional if pregnant or lactating.

Korean ginseng

Panax ginseng

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used as a tonic of invigoration, when there may be fatigue, debility, or convalescence from illness. Its main actions being: an adaptogen, cardioprotective, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulator and male tonic. Also indicated for depression, exhaustion, menopause, erectile dysfunction and concentration.
Cautions:Not to be used in hypertension, acute asthma, acute infections with fever, signs of heat, excessive menstruation, nose bleeds. Caution with use at night as may cause insomnia.

Kukicha twig

Camelia sinensis

Part Used: Twig
Traditionally used for its rich antioxidant properties.
Cautions:408

Lavender

Lavandula angustifolia

Part Used: Flowers
Traditionally used as an antidepressant, carminative, and sedative herb, which also relieves muscle spasms. Indicated for use in intestinal colic or digestive weakness, depression, anxiety, flatulent dyspepsia, headache, menopausal symptoms and depression associated with menopause, restlessness and insomnia.
Cautions:Essential oil should not be used internally during pregnancy. Not to be used by patients with a known allergy to the Labiatae family.

Lemon balm

Melissa officinalis

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used to nourish the nervous system, indicated in depression, insomnia, dyspepsia, and influenza.
Cautions:None known.

Lemon Myrtle

Backhousia citriodora

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used for the common cold, influenza, bronchitis, indigestion and other irritable GIT disorders.
Cautions:411

Lemon Scented Tea Tree

Leptospermum Petersonii

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used as an antiseptic, reputedly a mild sedative.
Cautions:

Lemongrass

Cymbopogon citratus

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used in respiratory conditions and gastrointestinal infections. Also used to calm the nervous and musculoskeletal systems.
Cautions:410

Lemongrass

Part Used:

Cautions:

Licorice

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used as an adaptogen and adrenal restorative. Licorice is anti-inflammatory, a urinary antiseptic, antispasmodic, helps soothe coughs, prevents the formation of ulcers in the GIT, antiviral, demulcent, and expectorant, laxative and oestrogenic. This herb is also good for sugar cravings and helps regulate blood sugar levels. Indicated for use in endocrine disorders, respiratory conditions such as asthma, bronchitis and cough, skin disorders such as eczema, psoriasis and acne, gastrointestinal disorders including gastritis, ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome and constipation.
Cautions:Large doses over prolonged periods may result in depletion of potassium. Not to be taken during pregnancy (in large doses), cardiovascular, renal or liver disorders, or severe obesity.

Linden

Tilia SPP

Part Used: Flower
Traditionally used as a diuretic, sedative, vasodilator, and diaphoretic for conditions such as migraines, common colds, restlessness and hypertension.
Cautions:None known.

LOMATIUM

Lomatium dissectum

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used for its antiviral properties effective for use with the common cold, influenza, herpes simplex infection and chronic fatigue syndrome.
Cautions:Continued use may cause skin rash.

Manuka

Leptospermum scoparium

Part Used: Flower
Traditionally used as a mucus membrane tonic and effective against a broad range of pathogens, also being antispasmodic it is ideal for irritable bowel syndrome.
Cautions:None known.

Maratime pine

Pinu pinaster

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used as its actions as an anti-oxidant, anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory and anti-viral. Used in cholesterol reduction, diabetes, hypertension oedema, and as an anti-oxidant.
Cautions:None known.

Marshmallow

Althaea officinalis

Part Used: Leaf and root
Traditionally known as a demulcent herb, which soothes inflamed skin surfaces and mucous membranes. Marshmallow is also a diuretic and a wound healing herb that is indicated for use in irritation or inflammation of the GIT or respiratory tract, topically for wounds, boils, abscess, and ulcers, gastrointestinal ulcers and ulcerative colitis.
Cautions:Use with caution during pregnancy and lactation in a herbal tonic form, safe to consume as tea.

Meadowsweet

Filipendula ulmaria

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally indicated in dyspepsia with heartburn and acid reflux, flatulence, diarrhoea, urinary disorders such as cystitis or calculi.
Cautions:Not to be used in persons with salicylate sensitivity, persons suffering constipation, iron deficiency anemia or malnutrition.

Muira Puama

Ptychopetalum olacoides

Part Used: Root and bark
Traditionally used as a nervine tonic, antioxidant, aphrodisiac, and an adaptogenic herb. Used in sexual disorders, dyspepsia, and menstrual irregularities.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy.

Myrrh

Comiphora molmol

Part Used: Resin
Traditionally used as an anti-microbial, anti-parasitic, bitter and astringent herb used to expel parasites and worms and provide a systemic cleanse.
Cautions:Not to be used in children under the age of 12. Prolonged use is cautioned.

Nettle

Urticara dioica folia

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used for seasonal allergies, arthritis, bronchitis, bursitis, gingivitis, laryngitis, prostatitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, tendinitis, rheumatism and other inflammatory conditions. Hair loss, anaemia, excessive menstruation, hemorrhoids, eczema, gout, sciatica, neuralgia, haemorrhoids, asthma, bladder infections, hives, kidney stones, PMS, prostate enlargement and sciatica.
Cautions:414

Nutmeg

Myristica fragrans

Part Used: Fruit and seed
Traditionally used as a culinary spice and to assist in the regulation of blood sugar levels, blood pressure and sex hormones.
Cautions:None known.

Olive leaf

Olea europaea

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used for its anti-oxidant, vasodilator, hypotensive, antiviral, and nervine actions. Indicated in convalescence, viral infections and cold and flu.
Cautions:Patients with epilepsy need to consult a professional.

Passion flower

Passiflora incarnata

Part Used: Aerial parts, particularly the leaf
Traditionally indicated in insomnia, anxiety and nervous gastrointestinal disorders. May be useful in supportive treatment of withdrawal from opiates, cannabis, and alcohol. Passionflower also helps reduce pain from neuralgia when applied topically, and is a safe and gentle herb to use for children.
Cautions:Not to be used during pregnancy. Seek professional supervision if lactating. May cause drowsiness, therefore use with caution if driving or operating machinery.

Pau d’arco

Tabebuia impetiginosa

Part Used: Dried inner bark
Traditionally used for its anti-viral (systemically), immunomodulator, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic (Gastrointestinal system) actions. Indicated in Candidiasis and immune deficiency
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and in patients taking anti-coagulant drugs.

Peppermint

Mentha x piperita

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used as an antibacterial, antiseptic (GIT), cooling, and carminative herb. Peppermint helps relieve spasms in the muscles, reduces the feelings of nausea and may relieve/prevent vomiting. Indicated for use for colds, intestinal colic, indigestion, flatulent dyspepsia, nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, and irritable bowel syndrome.
Cautions:Do not take there is a bile flow obstruction, gallbladder inflammation, gastro-esophageal reflux, constipation, iron deficiency anemia, liver damage, or infants/children at risk of respiratory or tongue spasms in a herbal tonic form, safe t consume as tea.

Poke root

Phytolacca decandra

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used in respiratory tract infections, chronic rheumatism, and lymphatic congestion.
Cautions:A very low dose herb, do not use for longer than 6 months.

Prickly ash

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis

Part Used: Bark
Traditionally used to improve peripheral circulation, cramps or spams of the muscles and Raynaud’s syndrome.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy.

Raspberry leaf

Rubus Idaeus

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used as a pregnancy herb after the first trimester, used to assist labour. Also used for inflammation of the mouth and acute diarrhoea.
Cautions:Avoid in iron deficiency anemia, constipation and malnutrition due to the high tannin content as well as first trimester of pregnancy.

Red clover

Trifolium pratense

Part Used: Flower heads
Actions and indications: Traditionally used to improve detoxification of the body by improving digestion, function of liver/gallbladder, kidney/bladder and or the immune system.
Cautions:Monitor if patient has a condition that is aggravated by estrogen, and also in pregnancy.

Rhemannia

Rehmannia glutinosa

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used in inflammatory disorders involving the immune system, menstrual irregularities and adrenal depletion.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation without supervision.

Rhodiola

Rhodiola rosea

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used as an adaptogen tonic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulator. May increase physical endurance, fatigue, depression, anxiety, chronic infections, post-viral syndromes, and fibromyalgia.
Cautions:Not to be taken on an empty stomach due to the high ethanol content and consume away from mineral supplements.

RIBWORT

Plantago lanceolata

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used in conditions such as hay fever, sinusitis, ear infections, and bronchitis. Also indicated topically for leg ulcers and varicose ulcers.
Cautions:None known.

Rooibos leaf

Aspalathus linearis

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used as an anti-inflammatory, cleanser, antispasmodic, antiviral and antioxidant. Indicated for improving heart health, immunity, premature aging and toxic conditions. Also known for its high mineral content and ability to regulate blood sugar levels.
Cautions:420

Rose petals

Rose centifolia

Part Used: Petal
Traditionally used for it's healing and astringent properties, specifically indicated for gastroenteritis and diarrhoea.
Cautions:None known.

Rosehip

Rosa canina

Part Used: Fruit
Traditionally used for inflammation, common colds, vitamin C deficiency, diarrhoea and gastritis.
Cautions:422

Rosemary

Rosemarinus officinalis

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used for headaches, anxiety, depression, poor concentration, poor memory, to improve hepatic and biliary function, and externally to promote circulation, hair loss and wound healing.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation in a herbal tonic form, unless advised by your health care practitioner. Safe to consume in foods and tea.

Sage

Salvia officinalis

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used to reduce perspiration, menopausal hot flushes, night sweats, as well as memory and concentration.
Cautions:Not to be used during pregnancy or lactation as it can reduce or stop the flow of breast milk, and due to possible toxicity to the child.

Sarsparilla

Smilax spp

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used for skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema and inflammatory conditions such as rheumatism, arthritis and gout.
Cautions:Large doses may cause gastrointestinal discomfort.

Saw Palmetto

Serenoa repens

Part Used: Dried ripe fruit
Traditionally used as a male tonic for prostatic hyperplasia, cystitis, testicular atrophy and urination issues.
Cautions:Do not take during pregnancy, and consult a professional if concurrently taking warfarin.

Schisandra

Schisandra chinensis

Part Used: Seed and fruit
Traditionally used to support the nervous system, improve memory, concentration, nervous disorders and depleted mental and physical endurance. Also indicated as a liver tonic used when there is a build up of toxins or damage.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy.

Shatavari

Asparagus racemosus

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used as a female herb, for its affect on libido and energy. Also known for its actions in gastrointestinal inflammation, rheumatism, fatigue, sexual debility, infertility and fluid retention.
Cautions:Do not use in inflammatory kidney disease. Due to high saponin content use with caution if patient has celiac disease, cholestasis or deficiencies in Vit A, D, E, or K, or upper digestive tract irritations.

Sheep sorrel

Rumex acetosella

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used as a systemic cleansing herb, as well as an antibacterial, immune booster, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and urinary cleanser.
Cautions:424

Siberian ginseng

Eleutherococcus senticosus

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used for chronic illness, fatigue and convalescence.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy or lactation, patients with hypertension, or known allergies to the Araliaceae family.

SIDA

Sida cordiflora

Part Used: Seed and root
Traditionally used for its antimicrobial and antibacterial actions in conditions such as the common cold, bronchitis, asthma, headaches and nasal congestion.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation

SKULLCAP

Scutellaria lateriflora

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used for emotional stress, anxiety and irritability.
Cautions:None known.

Slippery elm

Ulmus fulva

Part Used: Bark
Traditionally used for its actions on all mucous membranes of the digestive tract, urinary and respiratory tracts.
Cautions:Take at least 2 hours away from prescribed drugs and consume with plenty of water

Spearmint

Mentha spicata

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used for its carminative, antifungal and antioxidant actions, as well as its affects on soothing the digestive system.
Cautions:None known.

Spearmint

Part Used:

Cautions:

St Johns Wort

Hypericum perforatum

Part Used: Aerial parts
Actions and indications: Traditionally used for anxiety, depression, PMS and sciatica
Cautions:Not to be taken during pregnancy or lactation. Contraindicated with a number of drugs and medications, consult a professional before taking.

St Mary’s thistle

Silybum marianum

Part Used: Ripe seed
Traditionally used as a liver herb particularly for conditions such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, gallbladder disorders, and to facilitate detoxification of the liver.
Cautions:If prescribed during pregnancy must consult a professional.

Star Anise

Illicium verum

Part Used: Pod and seeds
Traditionally used for colic, wind, respiratory and digestive infections.
Cautions:425

Stevia

Stevia rebaudiana

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used as a natural sweetener with health benefit in hypoglycaemic and hypotension.
Cautions:None known.

SUNDEW

Drosera longifolia

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used for conditions such as acute/chronic bronchitis, whooping cough and asthma.
Cautions:None known.

Thuja

Thuja occidentalis

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used for the common cold, bronchitis, psoriasis, rheumatism, arthritis, and cystitis.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation.

Thyme

Thymus vulgaris

Part Used: Leaves and flowering tops
Traditionally used in conditions such as bronchitis, whooping cough, pharyngitis, laryngitis and the common cold.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy in a herbal tonic form, safe to consume in foods and tea.

Tienchi ginseng

Panax notoginseng

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used as a circulatory stimulant, anti-inflammatory, and to aid in the reduction of blood pressure. Also commonly used in cases of traumatic injury with bruising or bleeding, internal bleeding and arrhythmias.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation.

Tribulus

Tribulus terrestris

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used for its benefits in men, acting as an aphrodisiac, and a liver protective herb. It is also indicated for erectile dysfunction, low sperm count or low libido. Also indicated for women who are suffering menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes, sweating, insomnia and depression.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation.

Turkish rhubarb

Rheum palmatum

Part Used: Root and rhizome
Traditionally used as a laxative, astringent and antiseptic to the digestive system. Used in conditions such as cholecystitis, liver congestion, bowel cleansing and general detoxification.
Cautions:Short term use only (1-2 weeks), and caution in patients with digestive obstructions or inflammation.

Turmeric

Curcuma longa

Part Used: Rhizome
Traditionally used for asthma, digestive weakness, eczema, psoriasis, and pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis, menstrual irregularities or skin disease and is best known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant actions.
Cautions:Do not take in pregnancy or lactation without professional supervision in a herbal tonic form. Safe to consume in foods.

Uva Ursi

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Part Used: Leaf
Traditionally used for cystitis, urethritis, and acidic urine through its astringent and antiseptic herb.
Cautions:

This herb is to be taken for short periods only. Not to be taken in Kidney disease, if pregnant, breastfeeding or under the age of 12.


Valerian

Valeriana officinalis

Part Used: Root and rhizome
Traditionally used to relieve mild nervous tension, insomnia, intestinal colic and migraines.
Cautions:Do not take during pregnancy or lactation without professional advice. Avoid alcohol and other sedative whilst using valarian. If using during the day, care needs to be taken driving or operating heavy machinery.

Vanilla

Vanilla planifolia

Part Used: Bean
Traditionally used as an antioxidant and aphrodisiac as well as an antidepressant and relaxant. Vanilla soothes all types of inflammation and hyperactivity in the circulatory, respiratory, digestive, nervous and excretory systems of the body. Read more about the health benefits of vanilla.
Cautions:None known.

Vervain

Verbena officinalis

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used for anxiety, depression, fever and jaundice.
Cautions:None known.

White horehound

Marrubium vulgare

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used to help promote the flow and secretion of bile from the gallbladder, and also promote sweating therefor helping to reduce fevers. Indicated for bronchitis, whooping cough, poor appetite and dyspepsia.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation.

WILD CHERRY

Prunus serotina

Part Used: Bark
Traditionally used for conditions such as bronchitis, tracheitis, pleurisy, pneumonia and whooping cough for its antitussive and astringent actions.
Cautions:Long-term use is best avoided.

Wild Yam

Dioscorea SPP

Part Used: Rhizome and root

Traditionally used for intestinal colic, dysmenorrhoea and rheumatoid arthritis.


Cautions:May cause diarrhoea.

Withania

Withania somnifera

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used for physical stress, convalescence, failure to thrive, chronic inflammation, anaemia and sexual weakness and debility.
Cautions:None known.

WOOD BETONY

Stachys betonica

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used for its sedative and bitter actions on the body. Indicated for tension headaches, dizziness, anxiety and neuralgia.
Cautions:None known.

WORMWOOD

Artemisia absinthium

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally used for intestinal worms and parasites, digestive weakness, intestinal colic and abdominal bloating.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation. Excessive doses may cause headaches. Caution in peptic ulcer disease and hyperacidity.

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

Part Used: Aerial parts
Traditionally indicated for fevers due to its diaphoretic actions. Also indicated for wounds that are slow to heal.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation, or with known sensitivity to Asteraceae family.

Yellow dock

Rumex crispus

Part Used: Root
Traditionally used in chronic skin disorders, liver congestions and constipation.
Cautions:Do not use if there is intestinal obstruction.

Zizyphus

Zizyphus spinosa

Part Used: Seed, ripe fruit.
Traditionally used in anxiety, palpitations, insomnia, night sweats and anorexia.
Cautions:Avoid during pregnancy and lactation.